In the life of a woman there are several important periods associated with a change in the hormonal background:
- puberty (puberty);
- defloration (loss of virginity and the beginning of an intimate life);
- pregnancy, childbirth, and lactation;
- menopausal period (manifestation of symptoms of menopause).
Each such time is beautiful in its own way. But, it is known that sex hormones are able to actively influence the functional state of the skin, mucous membranes, many different organs, and systems:
- Central nervous system;
- mammary glands;
- blood vessels;
Accordingly, periods of hormonal surges in one direction or another are often accompanied by a whole complex of physiological changes and disorders. Menopause symptoms and signs in women are a kind of reaction of the body to hormonal changes.
What is menopause?
Menopause is the last independent menstruation in a woman’s life, due to the hormonal function of the ovaries. The exact date of climacteric changes onset is established only retrospectively – after 12 months of absence of menstruation. Menopause is a natural genetically programmed process, but the hormonal changes that occur during this period, especially, a sharp decrease in estrogen levels, make a significant contribution to changing the quality of life and the development of many age-related diseases in women, which leads to an increase in the importance of medical and social problems in this age group of the population for society.
Menopause occurs gradually, as well as menopause signs. The age of its onset depends on heredity. It can begin at 40 and at 60, but the average age is 51 years. Symptoms of menopause appear several years before the complete cessation of menstruation. This period is called the perimenopause. As a rule, it persists for 4-5 years.
Having noticed the first changes similar to the symptoms of menopause, be sure to consult a doctor, pass the necessary tests and get recommendations.
What are the 26 symptoms of menopause?
Symptoms and signs of menopause.
- Hot flashes;
- Increased sweating;
- Increase or decrease in blood pressure;
- Impaired concentration and attention;
- Decreased libido.
- Dry vagina;
- Pain during intercourse (dyspareunia);
- Itching and burning;
- Urethral Syndrome (urinary incontinence);
- Dry and brittle nails;
- Dryness and hair loss.
Late menopause symptoms:
- Cardiovascular diseases;
- Postmenopausal osteoporosis;
- Arthroso Arthritis;
Some women have no symptoms at all, but most of them manifest themselves to one degree or another. Regular exercises help many women cope with menopause signs. In fact, acupuncture and hypnotherapy sessions help with hot flashes and insomnia. Previously, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) was the standard method of treatment, but in recent years its relationship with breast cancer, thrombosis, and stroke has been proven, so, you should first consult a doctor since it is not recommended for use by all women.
Climacteric changes (symptoms of menopause) can be an emotionally difficult period, but it can also bring some relief since you will no longer have menstruation and PMS. Some women feel even more confident after menopause.